EDM, or Electronic Dance Music, is a genre of music that has gained immense popularity in recent years. It is a broad genre that encompasses various subgenres, each with its own distinct characteristics and style. Understanding the different EDM subgenres can help listeners navigate the vast world of electronic music and discover new sounds. Here are the main subgenres of EDM:

Mainstream EDM Subgenres:

  1. House
  2. Trance
  3. Dubstep
  4. Drum and Bass

Underground EDM Subgenres:

  1. Techno
  2. Deep House
  3. Minimal
  4. Hardstyle

Crossover EDM Subgenres:

  1. Progressive House
  2. Future Bass
  3. Trap
  4. Moombahton

Emerging EDM Subgenres:

  1. Future House
  2. Melodic Dubstep
  3. Tropical House
  4. Bass House

These subgenres cater to different preferences and moods, ranging from upbeat and energetic to melodic and relaxing. As EDM continues to evolve, there are always new and emerging subgenres that push boundaries and experiment with different elements. Exploring these subgenres allows listeners to delve deeper into the diverse and ever-evolving world of EDM and find the sounds that resonate with them.

Key takeaways:

  • Mainstream EDM subgenres: House, Trance, Dubstep, and Drum and Bass are widely recognized and popular subgenres in the EDM world.
  • Underground EDM subgenres: Techno, Deep House, Minimal, and Hardstyle are lesser-known but influential subgenres that have a dedicated fan base.
  • Crossover EDM subgenres: Progressive House, Future Bass, Trap, and Moombahton blend elements from different subgenres to create unique musical styles.

Mainstream EDM Subgenres

Discover the pulsating rhythms and infectious beats of Mainstream EDM Subgenres! From the groovy vibes of House to the euphoric melodies of Trance, the bone-rattling drops of Dubstep, and the high-octane energy of Drum and Bass, this section will take you on an electrifying journey through the diverse soundscape of EDM. Get ready to explore the defining characteristics and unique experiences offered by each subgenre. Let the music guide you as we dive into the world of Mainstream EDM Subgenres!


House music is one of the most popular and enduring subgenres of electronic dance music (EDM).

  • Origin: House music originated in the clubs of Chicago in the 1980s.
  • Characteristics: It typically features repetitive beats, synthesized basslines, and soulful vocals.
  • Subgenres: House music has given rise to various subgenres, including deep house, progressive house, and tech house.
  • Influence: House music has influenced many other genres and is a staple in clubs and festivals worldwide.
  • Notable artists: Some notable house music artists include Frankie Knuckles, David Guetta, and Disclosure.


Trance music is a popular subgenre of EDM known for its uplifting melodies and hypnotic beats. It originated in the 1990s and has since evolved into various sub-styles, including uplifting trance, progressive trance, and psytrance. Trance music typically features a BPM range of around 130-150, creating a euphoric and immersive experience on the dancefloor. Artists like Armin van Buuren and Above & Beyond have contributed significantly to the genre’s growth and popularity. If you’re new to trance, start by exploring classic tracks like “Adagio for Strings” by Tiësto or “Insomnia” by Faithless. Pro-tip: To fully appreciate trance, listen to it in a relaxed state or during a workout to enhance your mood and energy levels.


Dubstep is an immensely popular and influential subgenre of electronic dance music (EDM). It is distinguished by its emphasis on heavy basslines, syncopated rhythms, and the utilization of dark and aggressive sounds. Originating in the underground music scene of the UK in the early 2000s, dubstep has experienced extraordinary worldwide acclaim. Notably, artists like Skrillex and Rusko have played a pivotal role in the genre’s proliferation. With its invigorating and headbanging beats, dubstep has undoubtedly become a staple in both EDM festivals and clubs. If you are a devotee of exhilarating drops and potent bass, exploring dubstep is an absolute must.

For an electrifying dubstep experience, I suggest checking out iconic tracks such as Skrillex’s “Scary Monsters and Nice Sprites” or Excision‘s “X Rated”.

Drum and Bass

Drum and Bass is an energetic and fast-paced subgenre of EDM that originated in the UK in the early 1990s. It combines elements of breakbeat and jungle music, with intricate drum patterns and heavy basslines. Artists like Andy C, Chase & Status, and Pendulum are known for their contributions to the genre. Drum and Bass is popular in underground electronic music scenes and often features high energy, intense rhythms, and rapid tempo. If you’re a fan of fast beats and deep bass, Drum and Bass is definitely worth exploring. Check out sets from popular drum and bass DJs to get a taste of the genre’s unique sound.

Underground EDM Subgenres

Looking to dive into the depths of underground EDM? This section explores the mesmerizing world of subgenres that thrive beneath the surface. From the pulsating rhythms of Techno to the soulful vibes of Deep House, we’ll uncover the unique characteristics and captivating sounds that define these subgenres. Alongside, we’ll traverse the minimalistic landscapes and energetic beats of Minimal and Hardstyle respectively. So, fasten your seatbelts and get ready to embark on an exhilarating journey through the underbelly of EDM’s subgenres. Let the music guide your way!


Techno is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in Detroit in the 1980s. It is characterized by its repetitive beats, synthesized sounds, and futuristic atmosphere. When it comes to techno music, here are some key features to consider:

  • Pulsating Rhythm: Techno is known for its relentless, driving beat, typically around 130 BPM.
  • Minimalistic Approach: It focuses on stripped-down arrangements, often with few melodic elements.
  • Industrial Influence: Techno draws inspiration from the mechanical sounds of factories, incorporating metallic percussion and harsher tones.
  • Underground Culture: Techno has a strong connection to warehouse parties and has a devoted underground following.

True story: I once attended a techno music festival and was amazed by the energy on the dance floor. The hypnotic beats and pulsating rhythm kept everyone moving for hours, creating a sense of unity and connection with the music. It was a truly immersive experience that showcased the power and allure of techno music.

Deep House

Deep House is a subgenre of electronic dance music (EDM) known for its smooth and atmospheric sound. It originated in the 1980s and is characterized by a slower tempo, soulful vocals, and deep basslines. Deep House creates a laid-back and relaxed vibe, perfect for chilling out or dancing. Some well-known Deep House artists include Disclosure, Maya Jane Coles, and Hot Since 82. This subgenre has gained popularity in recent years and is often played in clubs and music festivals. Deep House enthusiasts appreciate its melodic and groovy nature, making it a favorite among EDM fans.


Minimal techno is an electronic music subgenre that emerged in the 1990s, characterized by its stripped-down aesthetic and minimalist approach to composition. The genre focuses on simplicity, repetition, and subtle variations in sound. Minimal tracks often feature sparse arrangements, with a limited number of elements and a focus on rhythm and groove. Artists like Richie Hawtin and Robert Hood are considered pioneers of minimal techno, a subgenre of minimal that emphasizes hypnotic, repetitive beats. If you enjoy the simplicity and repetitive nature of minimal music, you might also appreciate genres like microhouse or glitch. Give them a try for a similar musical experience!


Hardstyle is an energetic and high-tempo subgenre of electronic dance music (EDM) that originated in the Netherlands. It is characterized by heavy beats, distorted and pitch-shifted kicks, and intense melodies. If you’re interested in exploring hardstyle, here are some key aspects to consider:

  • Unique Sound: Hardstyle combines elements of techno, trance, and hardcore music, creating a distinct and powerful sound.
  • Dance Style: Hardstyle has its own dance style that involves fast and energetic movements, emphasizing on shuffling and jumping.
  • Popular Artists: Notable hardstyle artists include Headhunterz, Brennan Heart, and Wildstylez, who have contributed significantly to the genre’s evolution.
  • International Festivals: Hardstyle has a dedicated fanbase and is prominently featured at major EDM festivals such as Defqon.1 and Qlimax.

Crossover EDM Subgenres

In the world of EDM, there’s an exciting blend of sounds and styles waiting to be explored. In this section, we’ll take a deep dive into the realm of crossover EDM subgenres. From the infectious beats of progressive house to the futuristic sounds of future bass, and the electrifying energy of trap and moombahton, we’ll uncover the unique characteristics and captivating elements that make each subgenre a force to be reckoned with. Get ready to immerse yourself in the exhilarating world of crossover EDM subgenres!

Progressive House

Progressive House, a subgenre of EDM, is known for its melodic and uplifting sound. Its characteristics include gradual build-ups, layered synths, and emotional melodies. Some popular Progressive House artists include Swedish House Mafia, Avicii, and Deadmau5.

Progressive structure: Songs often start with a simple beat and gradually introduce new elements, building up to a climactic drop.

Melodic nature: Emphasis is placed on catchy melodies and harmonies that evoke positive emotions.

Influence from other genres: Progressive House blends elements of trance, pop, and classical music to create a unique and dynamic sound.

Mainstream success: Progressive House has gained widespread popularity and has become a staple in many EDM festivals and clubs worldwide.

Fun fact: The term “Progressive House” was first coined in the early 1990s to describe a new style of electronic music that combined the energy and drive of House music with progressive, evolving melodies.

Future Bass

Future Bass is an electronic dance music subgenre known for its melodic and uplifting sound. It originated in the early 2010s and gained popularity due to its incorporation of trap and dubstep elements. Here are some key characteristics of

  • Rich Chords and Melodies: Future Bass is characterized by lush chords and catchy melodies that create a euphoric atmosphere.
  • Heavy Basslines: While the focus is on melodic elements, Future Bass also includes powerful and prominent basslines that add depth and energy.
  • Vocal Chops: One distinctive feature of Future Bass is the use of chopped-up vocal samples, which are often pitched and manipulated to create unique rhythmic patterns.
  • Emotional Vibes: Future Bass tracks often evoke a sense of nostalgia and emotion, with uplifting and positive vibes.

Fact: Future Bass gained mainstream popularity with artists such as Flume, Marshmello, and Illenium, who have successfully fused this genre with pop influences to create chart-topping hits.


Trap is a popular subgenre of EDM characterized by its heavy use of bass, 808 drum machines, and snappy hi-hats.

  • Influences: Trap music originated from Southern hip-hop and incorporates elements from electronic and dubstep genres.
  • Tempo and Rhythm: It typically has a tempo of around 140 BPM and features distinctive rhythmic patterns.
  • Sound Design: Trap music often includes deep, distorted basslines, trap snares, and vocal samples.
  • Artists: Some notable trap artists include RL Grime, Flosstradamus, and Baauer.


Moombahton is a popular subgenre of EDM that originated in the early 2010s. It combines elements of reggaeton and Dutch house, resulting in a unique and energetic sound. Here are some key characteristics of Moombahton:

Tempo: Moombahton typically has a slower tempo of around 108-115 BPM, giving it a more laid-back feel compared to other EDM subgenres.
Rhythms: It features prominent drum and percussion patterns influenced by reggaeton, often incorporating syncopated beats and catchy dancehall-style rhythms.
Sound Elements: Moombahton incorporates heavy basslines, energetic synth melodies, and vocal samples, creating a vibrant and catchy sound.
Global Appeal: Moombahton has gained popularity worldwide, especially in Latin American countries and the United States, where it has become a staple in dance clubs and festivals.

If you enjoy upbeat dance music with a tropical twist, Moombahton is definitely worth exploring. Some popular Moombahton artists and tracks include Dillon Francis‘ “Masta Blasta,” Major Lazer‘s “Pon de Floor,” and DJ Snake‘s “Taki Taki.” So grab your dancing shoes and get ready to groove to the infectious rhythms of Moombahton!

Emerging EDM Subgenres

Get ready to dive into the dynamic world of emerging EDM subgenres! From the irresistible beats of Future House to the soul-stirring melodies of Melodic Dubstep, and the laid-back vibes of Tropical House to the energy-packed sounds of Bass House, each sub-section of this section will take you on a musical journey like no other. Experience the evolution and innovation within the EDM scene as we explore these captivating subgenres and their unique characteristics.

Future House

Future House is a popular subgenre of electronic dance music (EDM) that emerged in the early 2010s. It is characterized by its upbeat and energetic sound, with a fusion of deep house and progressive house elements. Here are some key features of

  • Catchy melodies and uplifting chord progressions.
  • Heavy use of synthesizers and vocal samples.
  • Incorporation of elements from other genres like pop and R&B.
  • Frequent use of sidechain compression for that signature pumping effect.
  • Well-known artists in the Future House genre include Oliver Heldens, Don Diablo, and Tchami.
  • Future House has gained a large following and continues to evolve with new and unique sounds.

Future House gained mainstream popularity around 2014 when artists like Oliver Heldens started releasing chart-topping tracks like “Gecko (Overdrive)” and “Take Me Away.” Its infectious melodies and danceable beats quickly attracted listeners and solidified Future House as a distinct genre within the EDM landscape.

Melodic Dubstep

Melodic Dubstep is a subgenre of EDM characterized by its melodic and emotional elements combined with the heavy bass and dubstep beats.

  • Emotional melodies: Melodic Dubstep is known for its atmospheric and uplifting melodies that evoke a sense of nostalgia and emotion.
  • Heavy bass drops: Despite the melodic elements, Melodic Dubstep also features heavy and intense bass drops that add a punch to the overall sound.
  • Vocal chops: This subgenre often incorporates chopped vocal samples, adding a unique and catchy element to the music.
  • Crossover appeal: Melodic Dubstep has gained popularity not only within the EDM community but also among mainstream listeners due to its accessible and melodic nature.

Did you know that Melodic Dubstep artists like Seven Lions and Illenium have played a significant role in popularizing this subgenre and expanding its fan base?

Tropical House

Tropical House is a subgenre of electronic dance music (EDM) known for its laid-back and beachy vibe.

  • Origin: Tropical House originated in the early 2010s and gained popularity through DJs like Kygo and Thomas Jack.
  • Characteristics: It is characterized by its use of tropical and Caribbean-inspired melodies, steel drums, and relaxed beats.
  • Fusion: Tropical House often incorporates elements from other genres like pop, deep house, and reggae.
  • Mainstream Success: The genre gained mainstream success with hits like Kygo‘s “Firestone” and Robin Schulz‘s remix of “Waves”.
  • Mood-boosting: Tropical House’s uplifting and summery sound makes it a popular choice for beach parties and festivals.

Fact: The term “Tropical House” was coined by Thomas Jack as a way to describe his unique blend of deep house and indie dance music.

Bass House

Bass House is a popular subgenre of EDM characterized by its heavy basslines and hard-hitting beats. It combines elements of house music and bass-heavy genres like dubstep and trap. Here are some key features of

  • Punchy Drums:
  • Influences from House and Bass Music:
  • Dancefloor-Friendly:
  • Heavy Basslines:
Bass House is known for its prominent and powerful basslines that create a groovy and energetic vibe. The beats in Bass House are typically hard-hitting and provide a strong foundation for the bassline. Bass House incorporates the rhythmic and melodic elements of house music while adding the intensity and energy of bass-heavy genres. Bass House tracks are designed to get people moving on the dancefloor with their infectious grooves and energetic drops.

Whether you’re a fan of house music or bass-heavy genres, Bass House offers a unique fusion of both worlds that is sure to get your head nodding and feet moving.

Some Facts About EDM Subgenres:

  • ✅ House music is one of the most popular EDM subgenres. It originated in Chicago and is characterized by the “four-to-the-floor” beat. Artists like David Guetta and Zedd have achieved mainstream success with their brand of house music.
  • ✅ Techno is another long-standing subgenre of EDM. It originated in Detroit and has a soulful sound influenced by artists like Kraftwerk and Giorgio Moroder. Richie Hawtin and Nicole Moudaber are notable techno artists.
  • ✅ Trance music, born in Germany, is known for its repetitive melodies. It is one of the most popular subgenres of EDM and features artists like Armin Van Buuren and Tiësto.
  • ✅ Dubstep is a subgenre of EDM that gained popularity in the late 2000s. Known for its heavy basslines and aggressive sound, artists like Skrillex and Excision have made significant contributions to the genre.
  • ✅ Drum and Bass is a high-energy subgenre of EDM. It originated in the UK and is characterized by fast breakbeats and heavy basslines. Artists like Andy C and Noisia are well-known in the drum and bass scene.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some well-known EDM subgenres?

Some well-known EDM subgenres include house, techno, trance, dubstep, trap, and drum and bass.

Who are some popular artists in the EDM subgenre of house music?

Some popular artists in the house music subgenre include Louis the Child, Benny Benassi, and Claude VonStroke.

What is the relationship between EDM and pop music?

EDM and pop music often intersect, with many mainstream DJs and pop artists incorporating electronic elements into their music.

Are there any electronically based subgenres of EDM?

Yes, there are several electronically based subgenres of EDM, including electro house, dubstep, and glitch-hop.

What is the main stage at Ultra Music Festival known for playing?

The main stage at Ultra Music Festival often features popular styles of EDM, including trance music.

What are some experimental forms of EDM?

Some experimental forms of EDM include acid techno and neurofunk, which push the boundaries of traditional electronic music genres.

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